5 on 5 Basketball Rules – BBYO

Markets: Youth

Format: basketball


  • Full-court 5-on-5
  • Must have at least 4 players present to avoid forfeit
  • No gender rules – Any ratio of men and women allowed on the court at a time
  • Game Length
    • One 40-minute game (20-minute halves with 4-5 minute halftime)
    • 2-minute OT (running time, stop time last 20 seconds) / If still tied each team shoots a free throw for the win.  This is time permitting.  Ref can decide to go straight to free throws
  • Clock: Running clock format until final 2 minutes of the game.  In final 2-minutes of game, clock will stop on dead balls unless point differential is 7 points or more.  Clock will always stop during timeouts.
  • Shot Clock: there is an unwritten 30-second shot clock applied by the referee’s discretion
  • Unless otherwise stated, games follow college rules


  • Win = 2 points
  • Loss = 0 points
  • Forfeit = -1 point


  • Normal 2 and 3 points scoring
  • Free Throws
    • Head to head: will follow normal free throw format
    • Shooters must wait until ball hits rim
    • Players can enter lane on shooter’s release of the ball


  • All players should play at least ½ of every game
  • We recommend subbing every 5 minutes or so
  • We recommend giving each player a “number” (i.e., Player 1, Player 2. . . Player 8 or 10)
  • We recommend subbing in number order.  For example,
    • If you have 6 players, at the first substitution, Player 6 goes in and Player 1 goes out.  At the second substitution, Player 1 goes back in and Player 2 goes out
    • If you have 8 players, at the first substitution, Players 6-8 go in and Players 1-3 go out.  At the second substitution Players 1-3 go back in and Players 4-6 go out, etc.
  • Other substitution formats are allowed as long as the ½ game rule is followed.  In the spirit of BBYO and Zog Youth Sports, everybody plays


  • Bonus: starting with the 7th team foul, opponent will be in double bonus.  We skip 1-and-1 and go straight to double bonus
  • Team fouls will reset at halftime
  • There are no individual foul outs


  • Rosters are not limited to size, but no additional players can be added to the roster after the midway point of the regular season


  • There is a 5-minute grace period. If a team does not have the minimum players required by end of grace period, it will be considered a forfeit
  • If your team forfeits two games in a season, you may be removed from the schedule without refund or credit
  • If you know in advance your team will have to forfeit, please email us at forfeits@zogsports.com so we can alert your opponent and referees.  We ask you email us by 4pm for weeknight leagues, and 4pm on Friday for weekend leagues


  • You should be able to field a team with only roster players.  Only players on your roster are allowed to play if you want the game to count in the standings.  If you pick up another BBYO/Zog Youth Sports player to complete our team, a scrimmage game can be played, but the result will be a forfeit in the standings
  • A team is never allowed to pick-up a non-BBYO/Zog Youth Sports player to join their team


  • Zog Youth Sports will provide uniforms
  • If players don’t have the team jersey with them, we ask they wear a similar color to match the rest of the team


  • Each team gets 2 30-second timeouts per game


  • A tip-off will start the game
  • Jump balls will always go to the defense
  • 3-second rule in the lane will be applied


  • There will be a 2-minute warm up period provided before each game


  • All technical, flagrant and intentional fouls count as team fouls
  • Opposing team will receive 2 free throws and receive possession for any technical, flagrant or intentional foul
  • Opposing team can select any player to shoot for a technical or flagrant foul
  • A second flagrant foul by the same team will result in an automatic team forfeit for that game
  • A player ejected for any reason may be suspended for the next game.  If that player is suspended and is caught playing in the next game, the team will forfeit
  • Any player(s)/team(s) that are involved in a fight are subject to being suspended from all BBYO/Zog Youth Sports Leagues for life


  • Head-to-head record (among all tied teams)
  • Record against other teams in or tied for playoffs (winning percentage – i.e. 0-1 is same as 0-2, but 1-3 is better than 0-1)
  • Number of wins
  • Record against next best common opponent
  • If team forfeited
  • “Coin-flip”


  • Head to head format will be applied during playoffs for both head to head and round robin leagues
    • 2-minute overtimes until there is a winner
    • A tip-off will start each overtime
    • Clock will follow same rules as the final 2-minutes of regulation
    • Fouls carry over from regular to overtime
    • Each team received 1 additional time out per overtime


  • Any unsportsmanlike behavior may result in that player/team being suspended/removed from participating in all Zog Youth Sports Leagues.
  • Players will not be allowed to participate in any game without signing the waiver
  • Following the concept of the shot clock, stalling goes against the spirit of the game and will be up to referees’ discretion.  Stalling will result in the loss of possession
  • While we appreciate the level of competitiveness in our league, we do not tolerate any unsportsmanlike behavior. This includes anyone who:
    • Antagonizes players on other teams or their own teammates
    • Exhibits excessive uncontrollable play
    • Inappropriately “mouths off” to the referee(s)
    • Verbally or physically threatens a member of our staff
    • Any player ejected from a game will be suspended for a minimum of one game upon league review
    • Zog Youth Sports reserves the right to remove any player from a game(s), season and/or future season
    • ZogSports reserves the right to remove a full team from the schedule and/or future seasons if we feel they are unable to participate in a manner in keeping with Zog Youth Sports’ mission to provide a fun, inclusive league

CODE OF CONDUCT: The Participant’s Code of Conduct applies to all BBYO/ZogSports participants. You can access the ZogSports Participant’s Code of Conduct HERE.  The BBYO Code of Conduct can be found HERE.

Markets: Youth